3rd Kup

Grading Material for 3rd Kup

Requirements:

  • Toi-Gye Tul
  • Semi-Free Sparring Ban Jayu Matsogi
  • Free Sparring Jayu Matsogi
  • Power:
    Reverse Turning Kick BANDAE DOLLYO CHAGI
    Hand Technique SON GILSOOL

TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents " scholar".

Meaning of Red Belt:
Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and
warning the opponent to stay away.

(For more about Yi Hwang https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yi_Hwang)

Diagram

 

Movements - 37
Ready Posture - CLOSED READY STANCE B

1. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B while executing a middle block to B with the left inner forearm.

2. Execute a low thrust to B with the right upset finger tip while forming a left walking stance toward B, slipping the left foot to B.

3. Bring the left foot to the right foot to form a closed stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the right back fist, extending the left arm to the side downward. Perform in slow motion.

4. Move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance toward A while executing a middle block to A with the right inner forearm.

5. Execute a low thrust to A with the left upset finger tip while forming a right walking stance toward A, slipping the right foot to A.

6. Bring the right foot to the left foot to form a closed stance toward D while executing a side back strike to C with the left back fist, extending the right arm to the side downward. Perform in slow motion.

7. Move the left foot to D forming a left walking stance toward D while executing a pressing block with an X-fist.

8. Execute a high vertical punch to D with a twin fist while maintaining a left walking stance toward D. Perform 7 and 8 in a continuous motion.

9. Execute a middle front snap kick to D with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 8.

10. Lower the right foot to D forming a right walking stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

11. Execute a middle punch to D with the left fist while maintaining a right walking stance toward D.

12. Bring the left foot to the right foot forming a closed stance toward F while executing a twin side elbow thrust. Perform in slow motion.

13. Move the right foot to F in a stamping motion forming a sitting stance toward C while executing a W-shape block to C with the right outer forearm.

14. Move the left foot to F in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a W-shape block to D with the left outer forearm.

15. Move the left foot to E in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward C while executing a W-shape block to C with the left outer forearm.

16. Move the right foot to E in a stamping motion turning counter clockwise to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a W-shape block to D with the right outer forearm.

17. Move the left foot to E in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward C while executing a W-shape block to C with the left outer forearm.

18. Move the left foot to F in a stamping motion turning clockwise to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a W-shape block to D with the left outer forearm.

19. Bring the right foot to the left foot and then move the left foot to D forming a right L-stance toward D while executing a low pushing block to D with the left double forearm.

20. Extend both hands upward as if to grab the opponent's head while forming a left walking stance toward D, slipping the left foot to D.

21. Execute an upward kick with the right knee while pulling both hands downward.

22. Lower the right foot to the left foot and then move the left foot to C forming a right L-stance toward C while executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.

23. Execute a low side front snap kick to C with the left foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 22.

24. Lower the left foot to C forming a left walking stance toward C while executing a high thrust to C with the left flat finger tip.

25. Move the right foot to C forming a left L-stance toward C while executing a middle guarding block to C with a knife-hand.

26. Execute a low side front snap kick to C with the right foot, keeping the position of the hands as they were in 25.

27. Lower the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a high thrust to C with the right flat finger tip.

28. Move the right foot to D forming a right L-stance toward C while executing a side back strike to D with the right back fist and a low block to C with the left forearm.

29. Jump to C forming a right X-stance toward A while executing a pressing block with an X-fist.

30. Move the right foot to C forming a right walking stance toward C while executing a high block to C with the right double forearm.

31. Move the left foot to B forming a right L-stance toward B while executing a low guarding block to B with a knife-hand.

32. Execute a circular block to BD with the right inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward B, slipping the left foot to B.

33. Bring the left foot to the right foot and then move the right foot to A forming a left L-stance toward A, at the same time executing a low guarding block to A with a knife-hand.

34. Execute a circular block to AD with the left inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward A, slipping the right foot to A.

35. Execute a circular block to CE with the right inner forearm while forming a left walking stance toward CE.

36. Execute a circular block to AD with the left inner forearm while forming a right walking stance toward A.

37. Move the right foot on line AB to form a sitting stance toward D while executing a middle punch to D with the right fist.

END: Bring the right foot back to a ready posture.

 

Semi-Free Sparring (Ban Jayu Matsogi) (for 5th, 4th and 3rd kups).

After extensively practicing this exercise the student should be able to:

• React quickly to attack with appropriate defence techniques
• Move forwards, backwards, sideways, or any angle in 1-step
• Select an appropriate counter attack; match the attacking technique, tool and target.

Main points

• The distance between the players, method of attack and defence used, attacking and blocking tools used and number of steps taken are completely optional. Only one series of attack and defensive motion is exchanged, however, and then for a brief duration.
• Semi-free sparring is the last stage before the student enters into free sparring, though it can be exercised at all levels. (Taken from Gen Choi book)

Note 1:
Stances should be loose like in free-sparring, with heels up slightly and not flat footed.

Note 2:
The instructor decides whether it is 3, 2 or 1 attack semi-free sparring being practiced at the time in class.

Note 3:
Students need to be encouraged to block and not just dodge the attacks, especially the 3rd attack where they have to block to create an opening for the first counter attack.

Typical procedure for semi-free sparring
Bow
A) Attention stance, bow
B) Attention stance, bow
Then A and B take a parallel ready stance facing each other.

Ready
At the command of 'semi-free sparring ready' (Ban Jayu Matsogi Junbi)
A and B take a right L-stance, forearm guarding block, shouting 'Ya' as a ready signal.

At the command 'commence'
A and B exchange attack and defence motions, usually 3 attacks each, but it can be 2 or 1 depending on the instructors wishes.

Example:
A performs 3 attacks, not necessarily in a straight line
B perform 3 blocks, not necessarily in a straight line
After the 3rd block, B counters immediately with 3 attacks and A defends

Free Sparring - Excerpt from Volume 5 of the Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do by Gen. Choi

Free sparring is essentially open combat with controlled attacking and prohibition of attacking to certain vital spots.

In a free sparring there is no prearranged mode between the players, and both are completely free to attack and defend with all available means and methods with only one exception: The attacker MUST STOP the attacking tool just before reaching the vital spot.

Because Taekwon-Do is a lethal form of self-defence, the sparring rules (unlike those of other competitive sports) count only blows focused within two centimeters of a vital spot instead of counting the number of ineffective blows by the use of sheer brute strength, In sparring focused blows, speed, power, balance, strong and accurate blocking, skillful dodging and attitude are taken into consideration.

With true Taekwon-Do style sparring, through theoretical, powerful movements that are aesthetically pleasing while avoiding "chicken fighting". Chicken fighting is caused by those students who use only stereotyped movement without any tactics and regard for the opponents position.

Main points:

  1. Defence
  2. Instant Attack and Counter Attack
  3. Deception
  4. Selection of a proper target
  5. Direction of Attack and Defence
  6. Technique Experimentation
  7. Development of Tactic and Maneuver
  8. Dodging Technique
  9. Counter Attack
  10. Flying Multiple Techniques
  11. Position Change

Taekwon-Do is a Martial Art because it aims at a noble moral rearmament, good health and a variety of techniques to defend oneself and the weak by discriminating against political involvement and commercialisation to embody a just society. Unfortunately many instructors forgetting this true nature of Taekwon-Do, rely on showmanship and over emphases free sparring to cover up their lack of technique.

As a result, their students have a tendency toward arrogance once winning a local or national championship without trying to improve and expand their technique.

Of course free sparring is a very important part of Taekwon-Do to build courage, experience, sense of victory, ability of performance and significance of participation. However, it should not be the only focus of the training. A student will see free sparring is not real combat and is a very small part of Taekwon-Do due to the following limitations

  1. Prohibition of attacking the vital spots
  2. Limited number of attacking tools
  3. Limited number of attacking areas
  4. Limited space for fighting
  5. Limited number of attacking methods
  6. Safety equipment
  7. No full contact

Accordingly, in free sparring the player can have a chance to exchange less than a dozen fundamental movements, compared to the over 3000 available. This is the reason General Choi emphasized correct training of fundamental movements rather than on free sparring.

Composition of Taekwon-Do

Taekwon-Do is composed of fundamental movements, patterns, dallyon, sparring and self-defence techniques that are so closely related that it is impossible to segregate one phase of instruction from another. Fundamental movements are necessary for sparring and patterns, while both patterns and sparring are indispensable for perfection of fundamental movements.

There is, in fact, like the Deity, no beginning or end. A student will find that he will have to return time and time again to the beginning fundamental movements to perfect his advanced sparring and self-defence techniques.

Each fundamental movement, in most cases, represents and attack or defence against a particular target area or definite action of an imaginary opponent or opponents. It is necessary to learn as many fundamental movements as possible and fit them into complete proficiency so the student can meet any situation in actual combat with confidence. The pattern actually places the student in a hypothetical situation where he must avail himself to defence, counterattack, and attack motions, against several opponents. Through constant practice of these patterns, the attack and defence become a conditioned reflex movement. Power and speed must be developed to such a high degree that only one single blow is needed to stop an opponent, so the student can shift stance and block or attack another opponent. Each pattern is different from the other in order to develop reaction against changing circumstances.

Once the basic patterns are mastered, the student then begins to physically apply the skill obtained from fundamental patterns and movements to sparring against actual moving opponents.

Collaterally with sparring, the student must begin to develop his body and toughen his attacking and blocking tools so he is able to deliver maximum damage in actual combat. Once a student has applied himself to fundamental movements, patterns, sparring and dallyon, then the time has arrived for the student to test his coordination, speed, balance, and concentration against spontaneous attacks: ie. self-defence. The student will constantly find himself returning, however, to his fundamentals even when he has achieved the highest possible degree of self-defence techniques. As in military training, Taekwon-Do progression follows a certain parallel:

1. Fundamental Movements = Individual soldier's basic training
2. Dallyon = Maintenance of equipment (conditioning of the body in Taekwon-Do)
3. Patterns = Platoon tactics
4. Sparring = Field exercises in simulated combat conditions
5. Self-defence = Actual Combat

Composition of Taekwon-Do

English - Korean
Attacking Techniques
Upset Fingertip Thrust Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi
Backfist Side Rear Strike Dungjoomuk Yop Dwi Taerigi
Twin Side Elbow Thrust Sang Yop Palkup Tulgi
Defending Techniques
W-Shape Block San Makgi
Double Inner Forearm Pushing Block Doo An Palmok Miro Makgi
Knifehand Low Guarding Block Sonkal Najunde Daebi Makgi

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In Memoriam

Gen Choi Hong Hi
Founder of Taekwon-Do
1918 - 2002
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